2018-2019 Toyota’s mid-December, plans to start selling its first production car on hydrogen.
Initially, the novelty will be available in the local market, but it will be the end of the year to buy the people of Europe and the United States.
The new sedan will be called Mirai, which translated from Japanese means “future”.
Depletion of oil reserves makes the mankind to seek alternative energy sources.
The automotive industry has long been known for electric and hybrid models, but the big drawback is the small reserve.
One way to solve this problem is the hydrogen fuel cell, which is produced by electrolysis energy for the electric motor.
The first such automobiles were ten years ago, and some of them (Honda FCX Clarity, for example) were produced in small batches.
Now, according to experts 2018-2019 Toyota, it’s time for a mass models and that is why sedan debuts Mirai.
Development 2018-2019 Toyota Mirai was conducted over three years, and last year saw the world of pre-production prototype FCV.
Mirai looks almost no different from him and really looks futuristic.
He has a pronounced wedge-shaped profile with a pointed “nose”, a high window line and the shape of the roof falling.
The narrow grille and thin LED headlamps combine with huge air intakes in the bumper.
The sides have met 2018-2019 Toyota Mirai relief.
Lanterns stretched the full width of the body, and trunk lid spoiler is integrated.
Sedan turned out rather big – 4890 mm in length with a wheelbase 2780 mm.
And its weight reaches 1850 kg.
Platform for him to have borrowed from the Lexus HS 250h.
Mirai Centre also looks unusual: one of which is the front panel of complex shape.
The decoration contains carbon inserts.
But the steering wheel familiar to the 2018-2019 Toyota the Camry .
Readings displayed on the display located on the dashboard center.
Below that is a 6.1-inch touchscreen multimedia Entune system.
In addition, there is another small monitor that displays information about the work of the air conditioner.
Key climate control and audio blocks are made touch.
The front seats are equipped with electric and heated.
Cargo capacity at 2018-2019 Toyota Mirai is 371 liter.
The car is driven by a 153-horsepower electric motor.
Maximum torque of 335 Newton meters and is available from the first speed.
Acceleration to 100 km / h in about 9 seconds and top speed – 178 km / h.
The exhaust is totally harmless, because in fact it is water vapor.
The car can also fulfill the role of a generator – to feed electricity different appliances.
The principle of operation of the power plant news is quite simple.
Hydrogen cylinders stored in oxidized in a fuel cell (electrochemical generator).
The reaction is allocated electricity that feeds the electric motor.
That is, the vehicle fuel cell – is, in fact, the electric car.
In addition to electricity, fuel cells emit into the atmosphere and by-products: heat and water vapor – such exhaust is environmentally friendly.
The hydrogen is stored under pressure in special tanks under the cabin floor.
Hydrogen tanks provide an impressive power reserve.
2018-2019 Toyota Mirai, according to official data, is able to pass on one refueling 300 miles (482 kilometers).
In this high-pressure cylinders are filled in five minutes – a significant advantage news before electric cars.
Fuel cells – the story is not new.
They were invented by William Grove back in 1839, but the first power plant set up in the late 50-ies of the last century – it was equipped tractor.
Up until the 90’s fuel cells are used mainly for power supply systems on board the spacecraft.
The idea of a fuel cell vehicle, many large automakers are interested initially zero when actively go searching for an alternative to gasoline and diesel engines.
For example, the 2018-2019 Toyota began its hydrogen program in 1992, but, despite successful tests of prototypes, until recently, talking about stock car sales did not go.
Competitors from Honda introduced in 2008, small-scale models FCV Clarity, is also working on fuel cells.
The model has not entered the free market – it is provided for leasing.
However, this did not prevent the new product to be the best “green” car in 2009 according to the WCOTY.
Rent FCV Clarity dispensed to US $ 600 per month.
But the cost of the power plant fuel cell was prohibitive.
According to Bloomberg data, FCV Clarity cost the manufacturer to 120-140 thousand dollars.
In Japan, Europe and the US, where Mirai will be submitted by the end of the year, the 2018-2019 Toyota intends to sell all 700 machines of the future.
And it’s not a small demand, but the lack of adequate infrastructure.
Hydrogen charging stations for fuel cell vehicles are now very few.
As long as the situation does not get better, 2018-2019 Toyota promises to provide owners Mirai fuel free.
Refill a pressure of 70 megapascals takes much minutes.
Now in Europe there are 27 hydrogen filling stations.
In the US, there are only 13. While in Japan during 2015 their number will increase to 100, and in the US – up to 48. 2018-2019 Toyota undertook to sponsor the construction of part of the gas station.
In addition, BMW, Honda, Hyundai, Mercedes-Benz and 2018-2019 Toyota jointly implement a pilot project to provide 110 vehicles with fuel cells for leasing in six European cities – Italian Bolzano, Innsbruck, Copenhagen, London, Munich and Stuttgart.
With the development of a gas network will decrease and the price of hydrogen, and while it is still quite high.
In Russia, for example, filling a 40-liter bottle will cost 1600-1800 rubles.
However, hydrogen – is not the only type of fuel, which will fill the cars in the near future.
In Japan Mirai is not cheap: 6.7 million yen (58 thousand dollars.), Which is three times more expensive hybrid the Prius .
However, the Japanese government to stimulate the purchase of a fuel cell vehicle, provides subsidies.
This price Mirai decrease by 2.2 billion yen (19 thousand. Dollars).
The situation is similar in the US, where, thanks to support environmental programs modal price tag for the novelty will drop to 45 thousand. Dollars.
This means that Mirai will be less popular the Tesla the Model the S .